10 Dec the lost play of shakespeare forgery
The handwriting of the Queen and Southampton did not at all resemble authentic examples. Or was he boldly conning the public with a forgery? , Asked where he had turned up this deed, William Henry replied that he had found it in an old trunk belonging to a chance acquaintance who did not wish to have his name revealed. Hood, "Fly-Leaves, No. It was eventually revealed to be a Shakespeare hoax, the product of prominent forger William Henry Ireland. An academic claims that an 18th century play, called "Double Falsehood," was based on a work by William Shakespeare. "Lost Shakespeare Play: Found?" Although his son's Confessions (1805) did a great deal to establish his innocence, not everybody was convinced. The father, on the contrary, declares that his son had not sufficient abilities for the execution of so difficult a task. Shakespeare's plays are a canon of approximately 39 dramatic works written by English poet, playwright, and actor William Shakespeare.The exact number of plays—as well as their classifications as tragedy, history, or comedy—is a matter of scholarly debate. Schoenbaum, p. 197; in his published accounts William Henry Ireland claims to have used the Johnson-Steevens edition, but the Blackfriars mortgage deed he used as a basis for the forgery did not appear there, and was first printed in Malone's edition. He also took aim at the spelling. Theobald always maintained that he had worked from an authentic manuscript, but he did not include the play in his subsequent edition of Shakespeare’s complete works. There was an intense hope and expectation that some documents would surface to fill the gap. But here’s the thing: no one in Theobald’s time knew that Shakespeare and Fletcher also collaborated on two other plays, Henry VIII and The Two Noble Kinsmen. In the months that followed, Ireland produced a torrent of Shakespearean fabrications: letters, poetry, drawings—even an original full-length play that would be hailed as the Bard's lost masterpiece and staged at the Drury Lane Theatre. Described in the letter as a "whysycalle conceyte", it was (as Malone put it) "most truly whimsical, being a miserable drawing of our poet done by himself with a pen, from Martin Droeshout's print of him engraved seven years after his death…. The Lost Letters bring Shakespeare's world to life.It shows how experiences in his life influenced and brought colour to his works.  Upon visiting however, he was informed by the current tenant that all the old papers—many of them Shakespeare's—had recently been burned. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. So William-Henry decided to forge William Shakespeare. It seems, William Henry explained, that there were two actors named John Heminges active at the time—hence the dissimilar signatures. Translated into English by Tho. Tue, Mar 16, 2010, 00:00 ... lost play”, which led to accusations of forgery by Alexander Pope, among others. Among them were the manuscripts of four plays, two of them previously unknown.  Both Richard Brinsley Sheridan of Drury Lane Theatre and Thomas Harris of Covent Garden expressed an interest in producing the play. Repeated on BBC Radio 4 Extra, 18/19 July 2011. George Steevens accused the two of collusion: The hopeful youth takes on himself the guilt of the entire forgery, and strains hard to exculpate his worthy father from the slightest participation in it. , With his next discovery William Henry moved from mere forgery to original art. Sheridan was the winner in this competition. No, but listen: In 1795, this nineteen-year-old kid named William-Henry Ireland was going crazy under the thumb of his overbearing, pompous, Shakespeare-obsessed father, said father being way more committed to finding a lost memento of William Shakespeare's than he was in giving his bright but shy son a molecule of credit for anything. As one writer noted "The publick would certainly have been gratified to know, that these extraordinary MSS. Included were such items as the "Profession of Faith," the letter from Queen Elizabeth, and the manuscript of King Lear. Read "Revisiting Shakespeare’s Lost Play Cardenio/Double Falsehood in the Eighteenth Century" by available from Rakuten Kobo. It was not included in the First Folio of 1623. Richard Brinsley Sheridan, the leading theatre manager of his day, agreed to present one of the newly discovered plays with John Philip Kemble in the starring role. In a burst of manic energy in 1795, the young law clerk produced a torrent of Shakespearean fabrications: letters, poetry, drawings and, most daring of … How I found Cardenio, Shakespeare's lost play. Lost Plays in Shakespeare's England examines assumptions about what a lost play is and how it can be talked about; how lost plays can be reconstructed, particularly when they use narratives already familiar to playgoers; and how lost plays can force us to reassess extant plays, particularly through ideas of repertory studies. The public, not surprisingly, accused Samuel Ireland of the fraud. "[G]ratitude is alle I have toe utter and that is tooe greate ande tooe sublyme a feeling for poore mortalls toe expresse O my Lord itte is a Budde which Bllossommes Bllooms butte never dyes." It came with Shakespeare's correspondence with a printer purporting to explain why the play was unpublished. On 20 December 1794 Sir Frederick Eden came to examine the seal on the Fraser lease. 1. Others have been mis-attributed or wrongly attributed to other authors. Revisiting Shakespeare’s Lost Play - Cardenio/Double Falsehood in the Eighteenth Century - Deborah C. Payne -
This collection of essays centres on Double Falsehood, Lewis Theobald’s 1727 adaptation of the “lost” play of Cardenio, possibly co-authored by John Fletcher and William Shakespeare.  This combination roused suspicions. Since the time of Theobald, scholars have found the rock solid evidence that Shakespeare and Fletcher co-wrote Cardenio soon after the publication in 1612 of the first English translation of Cervantes’ Don Quixote. The practice of adapting old plays and claiming sole credit for the result was not unusual at the time, though other playwrights sensibly chose dead dramatists to steal from. Why William Shakespeare's lost play is not a forgery. " Samuel Ireland later observed that he was "of a different sentiment with regard to the sanction, which his [Malone's] inspection would afford them. (, This page was last edited on 16 March 2020, at 21:56. Play discovered nearly 300 years ago said to be a Shakespeare forgery 'was written by the Bard himself', new research claims Double Falsehood was … Scottish antiquarian George Chalmers and educator Richard Valpy visited frequently, and editor James Boaden, author Herbert Croft, and poet-laureate Henry James Pye (among others) testified publicly to their belief in the authenticity of the papers. " He did however attempt to get Richard Farmer to look at the papers without success. This article is more than 10 years old. He suggested that the document might have been misdated at some later time, and the two agreed to tear off the date. , British writer Peter Ackroyd provides an imaginative account of the Ireland's forgeries in his novel The Lambs of London published by Chatto & Windus in 2004. Asterisks indicate plays likely written by Shakespeare and other playwrights, though evidence has been disputed. One moment, in particular, struck him forcibly. Blaming Malone for his misfortunes, Samuel Ireland set out to write a book that would destroy the scholar's reputation. Today sees the publication of "Shakespeare's Lost Play", Double Falsehood. , Images of forged signatures and notes of William Shakespeare in The courtier of Counte Baldessar Castilio Diuided into foure bookes. Knowing that the furniture and papers from New Place, Shakespeare's last residence, had been moved to Clopton house when New Place was demolished, Samuel Ireland reasoned that Shakespearean manuscripts might well be found there. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world < William Shakespeare's Works. Revisiting Shakespeare's Lost Play: Cardenio/Double Falsehood in the Eighteenth Century: Payne, Deborah C.: Amazon.sg: Books It is believed by many scholars that the three pages of the handwritten manuscript of the play Sir Thomas More are also in William Shakespeare's handwriting. It’s not the only copy on my bookshelf of a play claiming to be Cardenio.In 1990, handwriting analyst Charles Hamilton attributed the anonymous play, “The Second Maiden’s Tragedy” to Shakespeare, and argued (unconvincingly to me) that the play was the lost Cardenio, but with some of the characters’ names changed.That claim has generally been rejected by scholars. William Henry Ireland, the supposed discoverer, then confessed to the fraud. Samuel Ireland and his friends admired the style of the letters but not the earl’s penmanship; William Henry, not knowing that handwriting of the earl was extant, had written Southampton’s reply with his left hand..  To explain how both letters could end up together in the same collection William Henry added a note explaining that Shakespeare’s was a “Copye” of the letter he sent. As a Renaissance scholar, I've been piecing together fragments of a play believed to be part-written by Shakespeare… 1. "The Forgery of some modern Author"? A play which was first discovered nearly 300 years ago has been credited to William Shakespeare. For several years, Tiffany Stern of Oxford University and Brean Hammond of the University of Nottingham have been engaged in a vigorous scholarly debate over the issue of whether a play known as Double Falsehood, discovered in the 18th century, may be the work of Shakespeare. This collection of essays centres on Double Falsehood, Lewis Theobald’s 1727 adaptation of the “lost” play of Cardenio, possibly co-authored by John Fletcher and William Shakespeare.In a departure from most scholarship to date, the contributors fold Double Falsehood back into the milieu for which it was created rather than searching for traces of Shakespeare in the text. Although Shakespeare's works were readily available in versions both for the learned and for the general public, no satisfactory biography could be constructed. In a departure from most scholarship to date, the contributors ... - 9783319465135 - QBD Books - Buy Online for Better Range and Value. Grebanier, p. 127, Schoenbaum, p. 212; Mair, p. 59. 'Lost play' said to be work of Shakespeare. But last month in the UK and this month in the US, Arden—one of the most respected publishers of scholarly editions of Shakespeare’s plays—published a “new” play by Shakespeare, edited by Brean Hammond: Double Falsehood, a play that has been lost and found and lost again. Shortly after the appearance of the book Samuel Ireland's neighbour, Albany Wallis, who had discovered one of the few authentic signatures of Shakespeare, came up with a new and startling discovery. Drury Lane Theatre decided to put on the production of the lost Shakespeare play Vortigern on April 2, 1796. This was common practice – everyone knew that in the 1680s Nahum Tate had rewritten King Lear with a happy ending. Examples of Ireland Shakespeare forgeries, Accounts of the Ireland Shakespeare forgeries, William Henry Ireland related this story in the. Anyone seriously interested in the Jacobean play, its Georgian adaptation, or in English drama from 1660 to 1740 should read this book.' The play might be called one of the lost plays, as it was not included in the first folio or any collection of plays in Shakespeare’s day, and was not published until 1634, twenty years after Shakespeare’s death. How could Theobald have set out to forge a Shakespeare play and produced a script in a style that is two parts Fletcher to one part Shakespeare when he did not know that Shakespeare and Fletcher were collaborators? , As Samuel Ireland did not invite the two greatest Shakespeare scholars of the day, Edmond Malone and George Steevens, to examine the manuscripts, suspicion was aroused. He expressed a hope that Vortigern would turn out to be genuine, as it might well revitalise contemporary drama. : Theobald's Shakespeare and Cardenio's Double Falsehood. Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, Shakespeare Tracts Volume 1: Page images at Internet Archives, Shakespeare Tracts Volume 1: Page images at Internet Archive, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ireland_Shakespeare_forgeries&oldid=945909394, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, H. C. L., "Ireland and the Shakspere Forgeries," in, Frederick Lawrence, "Remarkable Literary Impostures No. Supporting the Lost Plays Database closely aligns with the Folger’s goals to foster projects that preserve and promote elements of early modern culture, sixteenth- and seventeenth-century drama, and indeed, Shakespeare’s works. But last month in the UK and this month in the US, Arden—one of the most respected publishers of scholarly editions of Shakespeare’s plays—published a “new” play by Shakespeare, edited by Brean Hammond: Double Falsehood, a play that has been lost and found and lost again. While at first the play seemed to be a success with the audience, soon fits of laughter were heard and at one point the play came to a complete halt till order was restored. Theobald was dismissed as a fraud, the play as a forgery. Forgery definition is - invention. How to use forgery in a sentence. Copper engraving of Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout. The spelling of the documents was not only not that of Shakespeare's time, it was that of no time whatsoever. The Lost Letters bring Shakespeare's world to life.It shows how experiences in his life influenced and brought colour to his works. The young discoverer suggested that there might well be more documents where this had come from, and quickly followed this up with a promissory note from Shakespeare to Heminges—the only such note (had it been genuine) ever discovered from the period. Double Falsehood (archaic spelling: Double Falshood) or The Distrest Lovers is a 1727 play by the English writer and playwright Lewis Theobald, although the authorship has been contested ever since the play was first published, with some scholars considering that it may have been written by John Fletcher and William Shakespeare. Bücher schnell und portofrei George Chalmers' Apology for the Believers and Samuel Ireland's Investigation concentrated on attacking Malone rather than exonerating Samuel, and the public verdict was probably summed up in a print by John Nixon depicting the entire Ireland family engaged in forging the papers.  William Henry Ireland blamed the actors, particularly Kemble, along with a "Malone faction," for the failure of his play. Colonel Francis Webb, writing under the name "Philalethes," argued that as the paper was old the documents must have belonged to Shakespeare's time; there would have been no reason to forge them then; therefore they must be genuine. Among them were the manuscripts of four plays, two of them previously unknown. In 1653, a bookseller named Henry Moseley attributed the play to Shakespeare and a second author, … II," in, Clement Mansfield Ingleby, "W. H. Ireland's Confessions," in, T. J. Arnold, "The Ireland Forgeries," in, Anonymous, "Two Impostors of the Eighteenth Century,", Clement Mansfield Ingleby, "The Literary Career of a Shakespeare Forger," in volume 2 of, George Dawson, “Literary Forgeries and Impostures” in, Frank E. Halliday, "Shakespeare Fabricated" in, Samuel Schoenbaum, "Part Three: Edmond Malone" chapters VII through XI, in, Eu. How I found Cardenio, Shakespeare's lost play. XXXI: Pseudo-Shakspeare," in Gentleman's Magazine, May 1826, pp. New evidence that Double Falsehood was, as 18th-century playwright Lewis … The volume was not well received. The Earl of Southampton replies in a similar vein, also sans punctuation, and with a similar spelling: “…as I have beene thye Freynde soe will I continue aughte thatte I canne doe forre thee praye commande me ande you shalle fynde mee Yours Southampton”. Read "Revisiting Shakespeare’s Lost Play Cardenio/Double Falsehood in the Eighteenth Century" by available from Rakuten Kobo. Payne, Revisiting Shakespeare’s Lost Play, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. Article. In the following DNB refers to Sidney Lee, "Samuel Ireland" in Dictionary of National Biography, London, 1892, volume 29, pp. 'Shakespeare's lost play' no hoax, says expert. Robert D. Hume’s knowledge of theatre history permits a fresh take on the forgery question as well as the Shakespeare authorship controversy. Anyone seriousl… Theatre impresario Lewis Theobald presented the play in the 18th century as an adaptation of a Shakespeare play but it was dismissed as a forgery. But it was 2002 before Hammond returned to the Bard. by Jennifer Quinn March 16th, 2010 Associated Press ... "It's not a forgery." Rather, the very Fletcherianness of the play proves that is in some part Shakespearean. At least two scholars, antiquary Joseph Ritson and classicist Richard Porson, correctly recognised the documents as forgeries, and editor Henry Bate Dudley started lampooning the papers as early as 17 February 1795. Samuel Parr and Joseph Warton on hearing Samuel Ireland read the "Profession of Faith" proclaimed it superior to anything in the English liturgy. Between them, in short, there is a pretended quarrel, that they may not look as if they were acting in concert on the present occasion. Words appearing in the forgeries (upset, for example) were not used in Shakespeare's time, or were used in a different sense than that of the papers.. Of most interest, however, were a manuscript of King Lear Shakespeare had prepared for the press, a few stray leaves of "Hamblette", and two previously unknown plays, Vortigern and Rowena and Henry II. A sketch of himself that accompanied his letter to Cowley showed that he was a wretched draftsman with an impenetrable sense of humour. Samuel Ireland accepted it as authentic, and the next day took it to the Heralds' Office, which approved it as genuine. When the forger learned of this problem, however, he soon produced Heminges signatures that resembled the authentic one. From the moment of discovery Samuel Ireland invited friends in to see his new possessions. William Shakespeare hasn’t had a new play since 1612. Shortly after the writer’s death what is known as the First Folio was printed. William Shakespeare hasn’t had a new play since 1612. The History of Cardenio, the second of the lost plays, has a complicated history.It is believed to be taken from Miguel Cervantes' Don Quixote, in which Cardenio is a major character.The play is known to have been performed in 1613 by a London theater troupe called The King’s Men. Revisiting Shakespeare’s Lost Play: Cardenio/Double Falsehood in the Eighteenth Century: Amazon.it: Payne, Deborah C.: Libri in altre lingue The exhibition was a roaring success. 'This uniformly excellent collection does what none of the other recent scholarship on Double Falsehood or Cardenio does: it approaches the complex problems of authorship, performance, form and gender politics from the perspective of Restoration and eighteenth-century theatre. William Henry Ireland says in the opening statement to the. , The exhibition, which roused much public excitement, continued for more than a year. A quarto text was published in 1596; the play… 421–423. A play called "Double Falsehood" published in 1728 by a man who claimed it was based on a lost Shakespeare play but has long been dismissed as a forgery may indeed be … Walley Chamberlain Oulton maintained that the papers were so voluminous that forgery was out of the question. Verie necessarie and profitable for young gentlemen and gentlewomen, abiding in court, palace, or place. In spite of an intense search by would-be Shakespeare biographers from Nicholas Rowe to Edmond Malone, only scraps and legends turned up. The Lost Plays of Shakespeare; Soliloquy Extracts - Kindle edition by Shakespeare, William, Kearns, Martin, Visible, Les.  According to the younger Ireland's confessions, it was to please his father that he embarked on the career of literary forgery that would ultimately ruin them both. Dotted with references to Shakespeare's plays, it is like reading about an old and familiar friend: you recognise people, phrases and events which, in turn, inspired characters, speeches and scenes or even, in the case of his visit to Denmark, a whole play. George Steevens to Bishop Percy, 26 December 1796, in John Bowyers Nichols, DNB, p. 35.  The item was displayed, and subsequently printed, in this mutilated form. William Shakespeare's handwriting is known from six surviving signatures, all of which appear on legal documents. A forgery of Shakespeare’s signature by Ireland, circa 1795 Most critics initially believed Samuel Ireland had produced the Shakespeare manuscripts but William Henry Ireland accepted full responsibility and he even wrote and published An Authentic Account of the Shaksperian Manuscripts (1796), in which he acknowledged that he was the sole author of all of the manuscripts. When Barrymore announced another performance of the play, the audience rebelled, and chaos reigned until the management substituted something else. He has written plays,sonnets,that have resisted for 5 centuries,because they describe things which are actual in our modern world. Was it Shakespeare himself? , From a chance acquaintance met at a book-binder's the young man learned of a technique for simulating the appearance of ancient writing by using a special ink and then heating the paper. The original script is lost, but the publication of Theobald’s adaptation in the Arden Shakespeare series is to be welcomed. Two crushing blows came quickly. The result was a mortgage deed between Shakespeare and his fellow-actor John Heminges on one side, and Michael Fraser and his wife on the other. Jeffrey Kahan, p. 57, based on Samuel Ireland's unpublished records; William Henry later revised this in his. Even though,our world has changed in a massive way compared to the world before 5 centuries,people's charasteristics are the same,even why not in the same conditions. He was heavily influenced by the novel Love and Madness by Herbert Croft which contained lengthy passages on the forger Thomas Chatterton. With the aid of Thomas Caldecott he attacked Malone for using forensic techniques like handwriting comparison to settle a literary question, rather than relying on taste and aesthetic sensibilities.  Ripping a seal from another early deed, young Ireland attached it to this concoction and presented the result to his father on 16 December. A flood of documents now followed, all coming from Mr. H’s ostensibly-miraculous chest. Discusses the forgeries of William Henry Ireland, who produced letters, poetry, and a full-length play attributed to William Shakespeare, and describes the antiquarian fad culture that embraced the forgeries The work, titled Double Falsehood, was written by the playwright and another dramatist, John Fletcher. Amazon.com: Revisiting Shakespeare’s Lost Play: Cardenio/Double Falsehood in the Eighteenth Century (9783319835334): Deborah C. Payne: Books The Ireland Shakespeare forgeries were a cause célèbre in 1790s London, when author and engraver Samuel Ireland announced the discovery of a treasure-trove of Shakespearean manuscripts by his son William Henry Ireland. One argument of the doubters who attacked Theobald was that the style of the play was closer to that of John Fletcher than that of Shakespeare. He had turned up a genuine John Heminges signature, and of course it looked nothing like the signatures William Henry had produced. - Gary Taylor, General Editor, The New Oxford Shakespeare This collection of essays centres on Double Falsehood , Lewis Theobald’s 1727 adaptation of the “lost” play of Cardenio, possibly co-authored by John Fletcher and William Shakespeare. For the Irelands, father and son, the failure of the play, coupled with Malone's exposure of the hoax, was an unmitigated disaster. Vortigern and Rowena, or Vortigern, an Historical Play is a play that was touted as a newly discovered work by William Shakespeare when it first appeared in 1796.  In February 1795 however he issued a general invitation to literary men to come to his house and examine them. But last month in the UK and this month in the US, Arden—one of the most respected publishers of scholarly editions of Shakespeare’s plays—published a “new” play by Shakespeare, edited by Brean Hammond: Double Falsehood, a play that has been lost and found and lost again.. 1. The simple answer is that Theobald always knew that the play was not Shakespeare’s original, but rather a rewriting of the script to make it conform to the conventions of the Restoration theatre. Revisiting Shakespeare’S Lost Play è un libro di Payne Deborah C. (Curatore) edito da Palgrave Macmillan a maggio 2018 - EAN 9783319835334: puoi acquistarlo sul … A n unsolved, latter day mystery; who authored the twelve soliloquies which comprise 'The Lost Plays of Shakespeare; Soliloquy Extracts'? Lost Plays (Database) at the Folger. We have early printed examples of Shakespeare’s known plays … all except two. Upon the release of the manuscripts, such respected literary figures as James Boswell (biographer of Samuel Johnson) and poet laureate Henry James Pye pronounced them genuine, as did various antiquarian experts. Samuel Ireland announced the publication of the papers on 4 March 1795, and the volume itself appeared in December of that year.  When Samuel Ireland confronted his son with this information, William Henry wanted to burn the document, but his father demurred. Edward III, play in five acts sometimes attributed to William Shakespeare, though without much evidence other than the resemblances of this play to Shakespeare’s early history plays and an occasional passage. Upon the release of the manuscripts, such respected literary figures as James Boswell and poet … A fierce debate raged in the press and the coffee-houses of London when Double Falsehood was first published in 1728. Theatre impresario Lewis Theobald presented the work in the 18th century as an adaptation of a play written by Shakespeare. The first reply was James Boaden's A Letter to George Steevens (16 January 1796). , The culpability of Samuel Ireland remained a controversial topic for years to come. On 17 November Ireland and his son carried the papers to St. James's Palace, where the Duke of Clarence and Mrs. Jordan examined them, and on 30 December Ireland submitted them to the Prince of Wales at Carlton House. Theatre impresario Lewis Theobald presented the play in the 18th century as an adaptation of a Shakespeare play but it was dismissed as a forgery. We do not know when or why William Shakespeare left Stratford-upon-Avon for London, or what he was doing before becoming a professional actor and dramatist in the capital. Excitement over the biographical and literary significance of the find turned to acrimony, however, when it was charged that the documents were forgeries. Exposing the forgeries in detail, he showed one by one that each document was flawed in its handwriting, its language, its orthography, and its history. Even the finder of these lost (now found) Soliloquies has no answer to that. Hobby. Diana Solomon’s understanding of eighteenth-century rape culture and Jean I. Marsden’s command of contemporary adaptation practices both emphasise the play’s immediate social and theatrical contexts. Although he had the satisfaction of being the first to introduce Shakespeare's crabtree and Anne Hathaway's cottage to the general public, Shakespeare documents eluded him. , One hitch developed when an alert visitor noted that a document supposedly written by the Earl of Leicester was dated 1590, whereas the nobleman had died in 1588. The canon of Shakespeare’s plays is not a clear, cut-and-dried list. Hood, "Fly-Leaves, No. had been deemed genuine by Dr. Farmer, Messrs. 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Of Ireland Shakespeare forgeries, William Henry moved from mere forgery to original art, only scraps legends! Hood, p. 212 ; Mair, p. 57, based on Samuel Ireland invited friends in see! He looked to the judgment of the documents was not only not that of no time whatsoever like signatures... How I found Cardenio, Shakespeare 's lost play Cardenio/Double Falsehood in Eighteenth... Boaden 's a letter to Cowley showed that he was a wretched draftsman with an impenetrable sense of humour not!, had freely given him this deed 1796 ) xxxi: Pseudo-Shakspeare, '' in Gentleman 's Magazine May... To Cowley showed that he was a wretched draftsman with an impenetrable sense of humour misfortunes...
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