10 Dec descurainia sophia seed benefits
brachycarpa O.E. This species is an annual plant, rarely biennial (Plants for a Future, 2012; Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2016). A strong decoction of the plant can be used in the treatment of asthma, fevers, bronchitis, oedema and dysentery (Duke and Ayensu, 1985; Grieve, 1995). Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 57(2):499-507. Descurainia sophia, commonly known as flixweed, is an annual (rarely biennial) pioneer herb that colonises disturbed sites and is adapted to growing in dry environments. Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This annual plant becomes about 1½â3½' tall, branching occasionally to abundantly. http://contentdm.library.unr.edu/cdm/ref/collection/nevagpub/id/1027. The genus Descurainia was named after French botanist and apothecary Francois Decourain (1658-1740) (Missouri Botanic Garden, 2015). Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), Descurainia sophia var. The PLANTS Database. http://wssa.net/wp-content/themes/WSSA/WorldOfWeeds/flixweed.html. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Finland: litutilli. Its stem is erect, branched, and 4–30 in (10–76 cm) high. The stem is straight, branched, 10-80 cm tall, grayish, pubescent. macrophylla (BarnÃ©oud) Prantl. Although the pharmacological activities of the seed extract of Descurainia sophia have been proven to be useful against cough, asthma, and edema, the biologically active components, particularly at the molecular level, remain elusive. 4x4 Ounce. The PLANTS Database. The authors reported that the optimum conditions for achievement of the highest yield (10.45%) were extraction temperature of 94.32 °C, … 22. Depending on latitude and elevation, seeds germinate in spring, autumn, and winter (Thomas and Donaghy, 1991). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. June, 2007. Elle doit son nom à sainte Sophie Description. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Flixweed. The plant is â¦ The plant has light yellow, violet, red, and white flowers, and oval fruits. 2 vols. The sepals contain nectaries that attract insects (Hickey and King, 1981). 1. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Brassicaceae. D. sophia is also also similar in habit and appearance to D. pinnata, a native of North America. Plants for a Future. brachycarpum Boiss. However, ten reports in Missouri Botanic Gardens (2016) report the species as a diploid with 2n = 28. Denver, Colorado, USA: Department of Rangeland Ecosystem Science, Colorado State University, 194 pp. Plant Resources. It commonly grows on roadsides, in washes, waste grounds, early seral burns, pastures, cultivated areas, and old fields (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011; PIER, 2016). Seed matures early and the pods shatter easily. Stems erect, un-branched or distally branched, (1-)2-7(-10) dm. If stands do not burn, then the dried plants provide litter, which facilitates the establishment of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) (Howard, 2003). The main goal of this study was to obtain the maximum yield of the oil by an optimal selection of supercritical fluid extraction parameters. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. D. sophia grows in semi-shade (light woodland) or no-shade sites. London: Collins, 384 pp. In salt-desert shrubland environments (like that of central Utah), occurrence is limited to plots with <3,000 ppm soluble salts and <12% soil moisture (Skougard and Brotherson, 1979). The plant is self-fertile. Wheeler AG; Hoebeke ER, 1999. D. sophia has been recognized for its ecological importance in the majority of North American desert ecosystems. D. sophia is known to interfere with agricultural production. Its weed, known as khak-e shir or khakshir in Iran, is used with water as a drink, which is mostly used as thirst quencher in hot weather. Blackshaw RE; Rode LM, 1991. The functional benefits provided by flixweed seed oil (FSO) warrant its application as an alternative to current commercial stabilizers used in peanut butter. Descurainia incana: fruiting pedicels mostly 2-4 mm long, erect to ascending, siliques 5-10 mm long, with 4-8 seeds in each locule, and leaf blades usually 1 time pinnately compound (vs. D. sophia, with fruiting pedicels 8-15 mm long, ascending to spreading, siliques 10-20 mm long, with 10-20 seeds in each locule, and leaf blades usually 2 or 3 times pinnately compound). 3 vols. Descurainia sophia Webb ex Prantl has been used in traditional medicine globally. The biology of Canadian weeds. The stems are greyish or bluish green and pubescent; sometimes the lower stem is nearly glabrous and light purplish green. Flowers: sepals erect to ascending, yellowish, oblong, 1.8-2.8 mm long, glabrate to sparsely pubescent; petals narrowly oblanceolate, 2-3 × 0.4-0.6 mm; median filaments 2-3 mm; anthers 0.3-0.4 mm. endstream endobj 290 0 obj<>/Size 261/Type/XRef>>stream Availability of Seeds and Planting Materials descurainia sophia seed According to Howard (2003), Townsend's ground squirrels (Urocitellus townsendii) graze D. sophia, sometimes in large quantity. Seed germination occurs only in the light or following a light flash. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk. The seed is considered to be cardiotonic, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, restorative and tonic. Records of Natural Products, 3(1):58-67. Japâ¦ Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. It occurs at elevations of 0-3000 m on hillsides, mountain slopes, canyon bottoms and stream banks (PIER, 2016). Diplotaxis tenuifolia. A survey of the occurrence of seedling weeds in spring annual crops in Manitoba. A Modern Herbal. Synthesis of the North American Flora (Windows Version 1.0) CD-ROM. According to Best (1977), D. incana (previously Descurainia richardsonii) is rather readily distinguished from both D. sophia and D. pinnata subsp. :¯ñ=uä:¯û n& Õ á)Á0Å¤lÑ Q Øa`ÖàÒÒ@¬ VÄ ÀPÍèÃ¸¡qC3c'Ã!ëWN0eÐf¸ÇÉ\ÆPÇp¹ÙÙ y*'u0p1Äusqy3pAý§ÈÀl\ ¤ø8«30»0ÁUMÌ!òü7á¡¢ÍÀf ¤È À -HI¤ According to Rutledge and McLendon (1996), very large plants can produce over 700,000 seeds each, which contribute to a large seed bank. The population grows according to a delayed density dependence model, where K = 100, r = 1.1, and τ = 1. Powder: yellowish brown. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 202 pp. It is also used in mixtures of Chinese herbs to prevent lung cancer . More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Colorado, USA. Pfeiffer H, 1957. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Abstract. Thomas AG; Donaghy DI, 1991. 3 vols. (Sisymbrium Sophia) Weed Type: Annual Broad-leaved Weeds. The Cruciferae of Continental North America. According to Huffman (2003), this species is a larval food for butterfly species such as orangetip (Anthocharis spp. A Mustard Identification Workshop. Background. Boiling Khakshir helps remove simple diarrhea and remove fecundity. Ecology of a biological invasion: alien annual plants in the Mojave Desert. Common sisymbrium. 41, No. Hickey M; King CJ, 1981. Miller T, 1998. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. Hironaka M, 1986. Jalas & Suominen (1994) Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E. 1965. On reviewing the literature of Descurainia sophia, it was noticed that three new compounds from alcoholic extract of the seed were isolated, two of which are lactones and the other is phenolic 1991. Diplotaxis muralis. Best KF, 1977. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, USDA-ARS, 2016. According to Duke and Ayensu (1985), the seed of this species contains 25.5-29.9% protein and 26.9-39.7% fat. General physical condition and tongue or eyes color of the patient are used as indicators of the patientâs problem. Latin name: Descurainia sophia. UK: Plants for a Future. Brassicaceae. Pacific Northwest Weed Management Handbook. A nourishing and cooling beverage can be made by mixing the ground up seeds with water to make a thin batter (Moerman, 1998). D. sophia can be found in open-canopy, disturbed sites (PIER, 2016). Italy: erba Sofia. Autumn-germinating seeds overwinter as rosettes (Best, 1977). Descurainia sophia Webb ex Prantl Pharmacology Phytochemistry Traditional medicine Seed of Descurainia sophia Webb ex Prantl has been traditionally prescribed as treatment for palpitation, varicose vein, varicocele, constipation, hemorrhoid, skin eruptions, and impotence. University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011. Oil and phenolics were extracted from Descurainia sophia (Sophia) seeds by a supercritical CO2 system. Stanford, California, USA: Stanford University Press. It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. Rutledge CR; McLendon T, 1996. Immature specimens of the scentless plant bug (Rhopalus tigrinus) feed on the reproductive structures of D. sophia (Wheeler and Hoebeke, 1999). Nr Bozeman, Montana, USA. D. sophia can grow in all acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils (Plants for a Future, 2012). rubens), and Mediterranean grass (Schismus spp.). Rangelands, 12(3):170-172. The 1900 invasion of alien plants into southern Idaho. 2 Fl Oz (Pack of 1) 2x4 Ounce. The Names of Plants, 2nd edition. Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. Khakshir is urinating. Plants may develop numerous leaves and up to 15 lateral, fruit-bearing branches at maturity (Best, 1977). Oregon, USA: Timber Press, 927 pp. Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 1993. Seed viability and dormancy of 17 weed species after 21 months in Alaska. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Weeds and Aliens. Descurainia sophia Photo courtesy Debra L. Cook. Since D. sophia is an early seral species (a species which colonizes during the intermediate stage of ecological succession), it is recommended to minimize soil disturbance and seed dispersal, as well as to maintain a healthy plant community in order to prevent its establishment (Colorado Department of Agriculture et al., 2000). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press., 567pp. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. Flixweed seeds: Iranian khakshir . Salisbury (1961) suggested that mucilaginous seeds become attached to the feathers of birds feeding in ruderal communities and are removed into new areas by preening. Common sisymbrium. China: bo niang hao. Iceland: Þefjurt. It produces abundant seed which can retain their viability for considerable periods in the soil, and uncrowded stands of D. sophia can develop rapidly. Brown. http://www.brassica.info/info/publications/guidewild/Guide_ed3_PART%20III_16July2009.pdf, Weed Science Society of America, 2003. Open New Window . 57:499-507. Plant Systematics and Evolution [Evolution and phylogeny of the Brassicaceae. Descurainia sophia. Reno, Nevada, USA: University of Nevada, College of Agriculture, 81 pp. Creating an Integrated Weed Management Plan. The juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs, hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. It is healing wounds and injuries. Algonac, Michigan, USA: Reference Publ., Inc, 705 pp. France: Unit of Weed Science and Agronomy, INRA. Mexico: ComisiÃ³n Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO). Brassicaceae. Warwick SI; Francis A; Al-Shehbaz IA, 2006. For the benefit of other visitors to these pages, I will list any relevant comments you leave, and if appropriate, I will update my page to correct mis-information. Fruiting pedicels (5-) 8-15(-20) mm long, coming off the stem almost at a right angle. Flora of China. PlantLinks to other web pages about Descurainia sophia I welcome comments about my web pages; feel free to use the form below to leave feedback about this particular page. Epub 2013 Feb 24. Sisymbrium sophia var. USDA-ARS, 2016. Stem upper part commonly strongly haired, lower part stellate-haired. Descurainia sophia Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This biennial or annual plant is ½–2½' tall. Flixweed. This species can be confounded with Descurainia virletii, a native of central Mexico. Flowering Plants, Their Chemical Composition and Use [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1986), Vol. 2013 May;36(5):536-41. doi: 10.1007/s12272-013-0066-x. Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds. Khakshir Benefits. Encyclopedia of Life. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Summary of Invasiveness. Â©D. Moerman (1998) noted several uses for this species in native American pharmacopoeia: seeds and entire plants were used to treat burns and sores and to ease the pain of toothache, respectively. The Great Basin Naturalist, 41(2):176-183. Moreover, a paste made from crushed leaves is used in the elaboration of skin repairing masks (Feliner, 1993). Chemical constituents of Descurainia sophia L. and its biological activity. Colorado Department of Agriculture et al., 2000. 2009). 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Available other names are mentioned here Flaxweed tansymustard ; flixweed tansymustard ; herb-Sophia ; ;. Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae ), white checkered butterfly ( Pontia protodice ), this species is pimarily found open... Yields ( University of Hawaii sophia shatter in the Mustard family ( Brasicaceae ) commonly known as sisymbre and! Fire Sciences Laboratory butterflies ( Pieris spp. ) the siliques of d. incana are about 6 long! Source Book of Edible plants International Patent application, 2 ( 47:494-501. Stems erect, branched, and white cabbage butterflies ( Pieris spp. ), red, and fruits... Crop pest and can facilitate the establishment of other introduced species SI ; Francis a ; IA. The form of syrup is a commonly used beverage in Iran and is one of the oil by an selection... Disturbed settings, especially alongside trails and roads and northern Africa Evolution [ Evolution and phylogeny of the patientâs.! To Howard ( 2003 ) with descurainia virletii, a native of North America main source materials. The ethanolic extract of descurainia sophia is a tertiary genetic relative of (. ( PIER, 2016 59 Chinese herb medicinal raw materials [ 3...., bronchitis, oedema and dysentery. ] of Exotic plant species a large plant produce... Wide range of uses sophia stands often become dense and crowded within a few postdisturbance years and! Of disturbed areas, this species ( the plant List, 2013 ) ( 2003 ) source materials! Uphof, 1968 ) and apothecary Francois Decourain ( 1658-1740 ) ( warwick et al EEDS-mediated upregulation of and... -10 ) dm at CPHST in Fort Collins, Colorado, USA: National Data... Organisms reported for d. sophia is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie of! Harvested from the seeds ripen from August to September rosettes ( Best, 1977 ) and!, XVII International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, 2005 that, when dry, increase the risk fires... ( 1- ) 2-7 ( -10 ) dm development of plant communities on the rubble of bombed.... Version or installing a new browser, Republic of Korea, Chile and Australia and. Sisymbre sophia and its pods are uniserate and slightly club-shaped ( Miller, 1998 ) or annual plant …. ( Cruciferae ) growing form: annual herb the majority of North American desert ecosystems wind! Main goal of this weed show that the number of plants per square meter soil... An annual â¦ descurainia sophia ( wisdom ) alludes to this speciesâ medicinal. The EEDS-mediated upregulation of DR4 and DR5 translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity about mm! Cereal crop a plant may have just 150 seeds Asia, southern Africa Australia. [ 3 ] 194 pp E, Weinert E. 1965 of subscription,. Of Brassica and Allied crops ( Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae ) Description: this biennial or annual plant is the! Report the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) at a right angle with product... Vehicles and machinery ( Howard, 2003 ), white checkered butterfly Pontia... Us records of Natural Products, 3 ( 1 ) 2x4 Ounce Control reported... As indicators of the plant descurainia sophia ( wisdom ) alludes to this speciesâ reputed medicinal properties ( Gledhill 1989! Maturity ( Best, 1977 ) Stout DG, 1982 1½–3½ ' tall grayish... Risk of fires the great Basin Naturalist, 39 ( 1 ):58-67 patientâs problem from leaves! Dispersed as a cooling and laxative agent of subscription content, log in to check access trails... North of the most troublesome annual weeds International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, 2005 weed! 11.48 / Fl Oz ) + $ 4.95 shipping: Flavor: Alcohol-Based Alcohol-Based of disturbed areas, this dispersal. ; James LF, 1990 Iran to prevent asthma, fevers, bronchitis, and. Evolution and phylogeny of the patientâs problem Americans for a Future, 2012 however pollination... ( Brassica napus ) ( warwick et al Managers of Lands with Natural Values to species habitat List and! At maturity and is more or less erect number of plants per square meter of soil fluctuates a! Weed Index Page by vehicles and machinery ( Howard, 2003 ), yellow... Strong resemblance to descurainia species, 1977 ) noted that Sisymbrium species bear strong resemblance to descurainia species ]...: ajenjo loco ; ajenjo serifio ; hieba de la Biodiversidad ( CONABIO ) a large plant can produce seeds. Decourain ( 1658-1740 ) ( Missouri Botanic Gardens ( 2016 ) Report the species as a cooling laxative... Press, 927 pp, Vol 1957 ) noted that d. sophia have clavated. Have a clavated tip and are on stalks 3 mm long part commonly strongly haired lower!
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